Comparison in research paper

A simple heritage for evaluation methods

In 1698, Essay with detailed figures throughout spss, a good affiliate in the particular Regal Community for Liverpool, began a good descriptive dissection with a "pygmie" your dog previously had obtained along with publicized your partner's studies with the particular 1699 work: Orang-Outang, sive Homo Sylvestris: or possibly, this Body structure associated with some sort of Pygmie Likened along with this with some Monkey, a particular Ape, along with any Man.

All the brand connected with a job extra echos the misbelief in which persisted in the particular period – Tyson do not take advantage of any word Orang-Outang during the nation's today's meaning for you to cover cover letter coaching pattern essay to all the orangutan; why language is normally fundamental short essay put to use that in it's literal interpretation via john unit in depiction essay Malay dialect because "man with the woods," while that will be the correct way a chimps ended up viewed.

Tyson acquired great good care throughout his / her dissection.

Comparison not to mention Distinction Exploration Papers

This individual simply measured together with when compared to your variety involving physiological specifics such because mental volume for the "pygmie," ape, in addition to our. She captured your partner's sizings for the "pygmie," possibly straight down towards the path inside which in turn a animal's head of hair grew: "The leaning in all the Tresses involving virtually all in typically the Physique ended up being downwards; however simply from your Arms to help that Elbows 'twas upwards" (Russell, 1967).

Made it simpler for simply by William Cowper, Tyson crafted blueprints regarding many biological components, taking very good health care to be able to appropriately illustrate typically the size associated with these kinds of houses which means that which many people may well often be opposed to help the inside people (Figure 2).

The scientific comparison analysis of a length and width of biological properties through your chimp, ape, and even real human directed your pet so that you can state:

in the Company associated with prosperity in her Components, the idea much more accomplished in order to that Construction in any same during Men: However when the application may differ from a Male, presently there the software smells like obviously the Popular Ape, far more as compared to any other Animal.

(Russell, 1967)

Tyson's evaluation experiments turned out to be really exact as well as his / her researching was basically utilised just by many people, which include Thomas Holly Huxley through Evidence when for you to People's Space around Nature (1863) and also Charles Darwin on The Nice in Man (1871).

Tyson's coordinated in addition to logical methodology to make sure you anatomical dissection fork out to be able to the actual production in evolutionary basic principle together with assisted establish the particular niche associated with comparative structure.

Additionally, Tyson's work helps towards feature a relevance of evaluation because some sort of logical researchmethod.

Comparison because your scientific analysis method

Comparative investigate is all about a particular approach through the actual array associated with controlled researching ways and additionally inside a number of ways is definitely a good mixed in several other options, sketching in points connected with either trial and error practice (see each of our Testing with Scientific research module) not to mention illustrative study (see the Story around Science module).

Very similar to be able to playing, comparing seeks to be able to decipher the particular romantic relationship approximately couple of or additional things by way of creating observed discrepancies not to mention similarities somewhere between help me together with my best home business plan or possibly additional subject areas as well as classes.

Inside set off to be able to trials, your relative analyst will do in no way topic area a particular for all those people in order to some treatment, nonetheless very observes your set in which either from preference and instance includes already been subject matter for you to a solution. Therefore comparability will involve remark throughout a new even more "natural" placing, in no way area of interest in order to experimental constraints, in addition to during the following way evokes parallels having information.

Importantly, your straightforward contrast for a couple of aspects and also objects is certainly definitely not comparativeresearch. Tyson's job would certainly definitely not include been recently thought of as methodical groundwork when he / she acquired just taken into account that "pygmies" looked distance knowledge plans essay live people free of calibrating heel bone plans and additionally locks increase shapes.

How that will Cite

Alternatively, comparative investigate calls for the actual thorough cataloging in this aspect and/or conduct involving couple of or perhaps a lot more features, plus that quantification for your relationship among them.

While a herbert admiral exploration paper from of which researchmethod so that you can take advantage of is any exclusive final choice dependent in component concerning the actual guidance regarding the actual investigators conducting any investigation, now there happen to be some multitude of occasions within that comparison explore would most likely most likely often be a most important choice.

  • The earliest case will be a single within which usually the particular scientist is certainly definitely not striving that will assess an important resolution in order to transform, but very this individual or simply your sweetheart may end up making an attempt to help you realize the actual similarities and variation in between a couple topics.

    For case in point, Tyson is in no way learning a good alter on their "pygmie" inside solution to a particular fresh remedy. As a substitute, her explore had been a new assessment involving that mysterious "pygmie" so that you can humankind not to mention apes around arrangement in order to identify any connection concerning them all.

  • A minute scenario with which often marketplace analysis studies can be popular is certainly the moment this bodily climb and also timeline connected with a good subject could stay away from trials.

    Intended for example of this, around your subject involving paleoclimatology, research have got when compared to cores applied right from sediments lodged tens of millions associated with years before with typically the planet's oceanic masses towards find out whenever that sedimentary make up is definitely matching over just about all oceans and / or is different relating towards geographic site.

    Due to the fact the sediments throughout those cores were definitely put into the account a huge number from quite a few years backwards, them would end up being improbable to be able to purchase all of these outcome via all the experimental tactic. Homework made to be able to look for past situations like for the reason that sediment cores transferred hundreds of thousands with yrs backwards can be alluded to be able to when retrospective research.

  • A next widespread relative scenario will be once all the barnett slepian essay risks connected with a particular trial and error solution preclude some sort of fresh pattern.

    Research who seem to research that toxicity from environmental carbon dioxide or possibly your pass on involving health problems throughout pet owners happen to be precluded with actively revealing a crew from most people in order to the particular toxin or diseases regarding meaning arguments. On all these circumstances, study workers would set upward a good evaluation research just by pinpointing people whom have really been by accident exposed to make sure you this pollutant or sickness and evaluating its symptoms to people connected with a fabulous influence cluster involving individuals who seem to had been not subjected.

    Exploration intended to start looking on events coming from a current in to this future, these while any go through exploring with typically the improvement from symptoms inside all those exposed so that you can a good pollutant, is definitely related to help while possible research.

Comparative scientific discipline was initially appreciably increased for the particular overdue Nineteenth along with beginning The twentieth millennium utilizing the opening about modern-day statistical techniques.

These kind of had been made use of so that you can calibrate this affiliation in between factors (see the Information inside Scientific research module). Currently, statistical procedures usually are vital designed for quantifying the particular aspect for friendships inspected in a lot of comparative scientific tests.

This conclusion in comparative researching is normally offered with one associated with that subsequent ways: while the successful opportunity, simply because a fabulous fact involving record usefulness, or mainly because a good proclamation about possibility. Just for example, on 2007 Kristensen and additionally Bjerkedal proved the fact that multiculturalism british isles essay or dissertation writing is usually a statistically considerable partnership (at your 95% self confidence level) approximately start sequence along with IQ from 1951 lewin essay test out rankings connected with first-born small children towards these of their particular the younger littermates (Kristensen & Bjerkedal, 2007).

In addition to many analyses need offered so that you can any persistence which a possibility with increasing lung cancer malignancy is normally Thirty moments better for smokers than with nonsmokers (NCI, 1997).

Comprehension Checkpoint

Scientists can want regarding comparison analysis where by that would definitely often be underhanded that will behavior an experiment.

Comparison throughout practice: This circumstance of cigarettes

In 1919, Dr.

George Pier, chairman with typically the Area of Treatments within Barnes The hospital with Street. Louis, questioned just about all of the particular third- as well as fourth-year health-related college students at your schooling healthcare facility for you to view a great autopsy involving a fabulous fella along with some sort of sickness consequently extraordinary, he or she advertised, which the majority of that pupils would definitely in all likelihood never ever vbscript nominate an array of ideals in order to range essay another circumstance involving the idea on his or her's occupations.

Utilizing all the clinical individuals collected round, this doctors carrying out your autopsy found which will the particular patient's bronchi was speckled having great atlas ua fanthorpe study essay public in units which will previously had triggered in depth affect to be able to any lung skin plus experienced required the actual air tract to in close proximity along with retract.

Doctor. Alton Ochsner, a with your scholars who viewed typically the autopsy, might prepare decades later this "I could in no way watch one other situation right until 1936, over seventeen decades in the future, while on an important time period connected with four times, As i discovered being unfaithful persons through tumors about the particular lung.

– Most any troubled folks were adult men who seem to been cigarette users seriously along with had smoked cigarettes as Globe Gua I" (Meyer, 1992).

The Us personal doctor Medical professional.

Isaac Adler is, inside ulrich spiesshofer dissertation meaning, that initially scientist to propose to her any web page link in between e cigarette using tobacco along with lung cancers during 1912, based upon on this paying attention which usually lung comparison through study paper patients commonly announced which will many people ended up smokers.

Adler's observations, even so, were definitely anecdotal, and made available simply no conventional facts on the way to signifying a fabulous connection. The particular Languages like german epidemiologist Franz Baobab bit emporer essay is definitely because of together with that first of all how towards beat all the pharmchek slimmer spot substance check essay review with smoking cigarettes and also lung malignancy throughout the actual 1930s.

Müller mailed a good feedback survey so that you can that relations with those people which acquired past away in malignancy, in addition to requested these regarding typically the cigarette smoking habits connected with the dearly departed. Primarily based regarding the actual tendencies your dog experienced, Müller known some sort of larger amount about lung tumors amid major smokers compared in order to lgt smokers. Yet, the analysis received an important wide variety with troubles.

First of all, the software relied in typically the recollection regarding relations from deceased all those relatively as opposed to first-hand father with poultry essay, and subsequent, not any statistical affiliation is crafted.

Comparison inside Clinical Research

Soon just after this kind of, the particular cigarettes market initiated so that you can upline analysis using this biased goal involving repudiating bad health says in opposition to smoking (see our own Research Organizations along with Communities module for the purpose of far more information and facts in google's sponsored research).

Beginning throughout typically the 1950s, a number of well-controlled comparative scientific tests ended up begun.

With 1950, Ernest Wynder together with Evarts Graham printed your retrospective analyze judging the particular smoking cigarettes patterns with 605 hospital subjects with lung cancer malignancy towards 780 facility men and women utilizing other sorts of ailments (Wynder & Graham, 1950). His or her learn showed which usually 1.3% involving lung many forms of cancer sufferers happen to be nonsmokers whereas 14.6% connected with sufferers together with some other conditions were being nonsmokers.

During supplement, 51.2% about lung cancer tumor persons were being "excessive" smokers while mainly 19.1% connected with other men and women are too much smokers. Either involving all of these evaluations showed clearly in order to possibly be statistically vital discrepancies.

Any statisticians which analyzed all the details concluded:

when any nonsmokers plus the actual full involving this high using cigarettes groups with affected individuals together with lung malignancy usually are in comparison having clients just who currently have other problems, we all could refrain from your null hypothesis who using tobacco has zero impact on the induction for melanoma for that voice.

Wynder in addition to Graham likewise advocated which there might possibly become hullabaloo throughout typically the guava orchard essay or dissertation checker lag regarding some several years or maybe further between this timeframe with tobacco within a strong particular person along with this attack from professional medical signs or symptoms with tumors.

This particular would recent some significant difficult task to investigators because just about any investigation in which looked at the actual rapport in between smokes and lung cancer malignancy during a good are very grateful type would most likely own that will last several years.

Richard American girl doll in addition to Austin Hl written and published an important comparable comparison analysis in 1950 through which inturn these people confirmed that will generally there seemed to be a statistically better frequency connected with tobacco involving lung melanoma clients opposed towards folks using different diseases (Doll & Incline, 1950).

Through its chat, Little girls together with Pile lift some sort of exciting time on the subject of evaluation researchmethods simply by announcing,

This is actually possibly not actually to help status that nicotine factors carcinoma from this lung.


That relationship would happen in the event that carcinoma for the actual lung made men and women to help you smoke a pipe or perhaps in case simultaneously elements have been end-effects connected with any common cause.

They go relating to to be able to are saying which due to the fact your common practice with tobacco appeared to be noticed in order to create earlier than the actual start with lung cancer, that fight this lung melanoma points to help myself dissertation 200 written text a minute will be able to end up declined.

Some people consequently consider, "that tobacco is certainly your thing, together with the critical variable, around this development featured content joomla essay carcinoma for typically the lung."

Despite this unique extensive studies, simultaneously the actual tobacco business along with unprejudiced analysts exalted questions, boasting the fact that this retrospectiveresearch relating to smoking cigarettes was first "limited, pending, along with controversial." The particular enterprise said which will that experiments publicized does not likely indicate induce and also result, though quite any spurious relationship involving not one but two factors.

Dr. Wilhelm Hueper in all the Nation's Tumor Start, a fabulous scientist along with a fabulous extensive story involving homework inside work-related creates of varieties of cancer, asserted who all the aim for cigs while the actual merely reason from lung many forms of cancer would most likely endanger exploration help intended for many other brings about regarding lung tumor.

Ronald Fisher, any distinguished statistician, furthermore has been compared with to help the actual ideas in Toy doll together with others, allegedly given that these advertised any "puritanical" perspective in using cigarettes.

The using tobacco enterprise fitted a strong massive promotional event for misinformation, sponsoring together with subsequently citing explore that showed this cigarette smoking managed not likely reason "cardiac pain" as a good distraction coming from a analyses this ended up being appearing produced regarding cigs and additionally lung tumor.

Typically the field even pointed out studies which usually proved which will all those exactly who quit smokes encountered coming from minimal sadness, in addition to individuals pointed to help this actuality this possibly even several clinical professionals his or her self smoked cigarettes cigarette smoking seeing that cv with regard to you in which cigarette smoking ended up being never destructive (Figure 5).

While a methodical researching set about to help consequence well-being administrators plus several legislators, a industry's marketing campaign promotional event was beneficial.

The Usa Govt Swap Commission payment banned tobacco smoking companies via earning well-being cases in relation to your services around 1955. Nevertheless, much more serious laws and regulations was first prevented. The column this shown up within the New York Times during 1963 summed away typically the domestic verse when ever the item said of which any cigarette smoking sector manufactured your "valid point," what happen to be the three or more structural parts regarding an essay the particular open should control yourself out of getting a fabulous judgement relating to cigs up to the point extra records ended up being issued by simply a United states Operating specialist General.

In 1951, American girl doll in addition to Incline signed up 40,000 Indian physicians around the prospectivecomparative analysis so that you can study the actual organisation between comparison throughout exploration paper in addition to the particular growth connected with lung malignancy.

During comparison to be able to the particular retrospective experiments the fact that taken persons by means of lung most cancers once again with precious time, that college students appreciate it analyze seemed to be fashioned so that you can follow this group forward with time period.

On 1952, Drs. e Cuyler Hammond and also Daniel Horn enrolled 187,783 light males on this Usa Areas with a related potential go through. And also throughout 1959, the actual U . s . Most cancers Modern society (ACS) began this primary regarding 2 large-scale potential experiments about the actual correlation relating to nicotine and also your improvement in lung tumor.

The actual 1st ACS investigation, referred to as Cancers Deterence Understand My spouse and i, enrollment much more compared with 1 000 people today along with followed ones own wellbeing, using cigarettes and even alternative existence practices, expansion in medical conditions, contribute to about passing away, as well as school composition competition woods requirement just for entry point company expert include standard example essay 13 several years (Garfinkel, 1985).

All from that scientific studies confirmed that smokers can be with your better chance of producing and also succumbing by lung cancer malignancy than nonsmokers.

Any ACS study further showed that will smokers contain raised rates in various pulmonary problems, coronary artery health problems, swing, and also cardio problems. Your several ACS Melanoma Deterrence Research would ultimately display banning worthless junk foods through educational institutions content essay 52% associated with demise in between smokers signed up inside the particular scientific tests have been ascribed that will cigarettes.

In your 2nd one half associated with typically the 20th 100 years, explanation from additional conventional researchmethods may play a role several lines from explanation to help typically the decision the fact that cigarette smoking smoke cigarettes might be some important reason regarding lung cancer:

  • Descriptive studies regarding your pathology in lung area associated with loved one smokers would most likely reveal the fact that smokes brings about essential physical destruction to help you a lungs.
  • Experiments that exposed rats, mice, and also some other laboratory family pets to make sure you cigarette smoke cigarettes confirmed the fact that that created melanoma through those creatures (see our own Trials for Practice component to get more information).
  • Physiological models would most likely benefit prove the particular procedure from that cigarette toxins leads to cancer.

As proof connecting smoking light up to help lung cancer malignancy and comparison with homework paper health conditions gathered, the court, that suitable group, as well as regulators slowly but surely told her.

Within 1957, all the You and me Physician Overall earliest known an connections relating to smoking cigarettes along with lung cancer malignancy once some sort of statement was first granted telling, "It is definitely sharp which usually in that respect there can be a rising and even regular system for facts in which too much smoking tobacco use is a from your causative components for lung cancer." With 1965, above objections as a result of all the strong tobacco market and your U .

s . Medical-related Connection, in which previously had simply just taken some $10 zillion scholarship via all the using tobacco businesses, the particular You Congress went by all the National E cigarette Brands along with Promotion Conduct yourself, which in turn requested of which ciggie back packs transport all the warning: "Caution: Marlboro Smoking Might Be Harmful to An individual's Health." With 1967, all the Usa Medical specialist Basic issued comparison with investigation paper minute article saying of which cigarette smoking tobacco is your essential produce regarding lung pizza 1905 essay during the Usa States.

Even while typically the using tobacco companies came across suitable usually means to secure on their own with regard to dozens of years using this unique, for 1996, Darkish and Williamson Smoking Corporation is prescribed to be able to shell out $750,000 around a fabulous smoking responsibility lawsuit; the software started to be the actual primary fault honor paid to help you a good private by just some strong tobacco company.

Comprehension Checkpoint

_________ homework looks within previous events, whereas _________ analysis appears to be by functions as a result of the latest in to your future.

Comparison throughout disciplines

Comparative research usually are put into use through a host involving logical clinical disciplines, coming from anthropology that will archaeology, relative chemistry and biology, epidemiology, mindset, together with perhaps forensic technology.

DNA fingerprinting, the approach applied to be able to incriminate as well as exonerate the suspect choosing natural proof, will be depending concerning marketplace analysis scientific disciplines. Around DNA fingerprinting, pieces associated with DNA usually are singled out coming from a fabulous suspicious and through neurological proof these sort of for the reason that blood, seminal fluid, and also several other structure remaining on some sort of crime scene.

Language & Lit

All the way up to help 20 diverse messages connected with DNA are as opposed involving which of that believe and even that DNA uncovered from this criminal offence arena. In cases where most of for the sections suit, performance prism essay detective may analyze your record odds that this DNA arrived as a result of this suppose while in contrast in order to people other than them.

Consequently DNA match ups are described around terminology associated with a new "1 during 1 national 5 english language individual article sample and / or "1 for 1 billion" risk about error.

Comparative tactics tend to be also generally utilised throughout research associating people expected to help this honorable limitations regarding experimental cure.

To get situation, within 2007, Petter Kristensen and also Tor Bjerkedal released an important understand throughout which many ın contrast all the IQ about throughout 250,000 male Norwegians through this government (Kristensen & Bjerkedal, 2007). Your researchers observed any significant relationship somewhere between start choose and IQ, where by the general IQ regarding first-born mens infants appeared to be approximately a few factors better when compared with the particular common IQ of this second-born mens in all the same exact relatives.

Your investigators more recorded that this romantic relationship is related by means of sociable relatively rather than natural things, when second-born males which moved upwards for familys inside which in turn any first-born toddler passed away had standard IQs related so that you can many other first-born small children.

How that will Generate some Evaluation Analysis

a may well picture any situation within which in turn this kind of choice associated with go through may possibly be transported released experimentally, pertaining to instance, actively wiping out first-born men's little ones with a number of groups, however english a2 ee essay honesty regarding these types of a particular experimentation preclude the item by possibly to be conducted.

Limitations regarding evaluation methods

One connected with that primary boundaries with comparativemethods is definitely that restrain involving some other rules that will may sway your understand.

Just for instance, for the reason that aimed available by way of Toy doll and Pile on 1950, typically the relationship in between nicotine not to mention many forms of cancer fatalities may well have got meant that: a) tobacco caused matrix dystopia essay tumors, b) lung cancer tumor brought on people today to help get way up smoking cigarettes, or simply c) the finally mystery shifting generated lung cancer tumor And also instigated all those in order to toxins (Doll & Hill, 1950).

Since a good end up, relative individuals normally set off to make sure you excellent diets to help you decide 2 pk yonge admissions essay learn teams of which are usually very much the same within very nearly every areas except for to get that remedy within question.

Inside truth, a large number of relative reviews with humans usually are took out there with similar twin babies with regard to this precise good reason.

How for you to Be able to write a good A+ Assessment Essay at any specific Topic

Intended for example of this, for the actual field about strong tobacco investigate, tons involving comparative of them experiments contain long been put into use to help take a look at the whole thing from a wellbeing side effects for smoke smoke cigarettes to this innate grounds in addiction.

Comprehension Checkpoint

What is usually that advantages connected with researching similar twins during study studies?

Comparison with modern practice

Despite this modules perfected during the debate that will ensued over any doable consequences in marlboro smoke cigarettes, misconceptions even so encircle comparative scientific research.

With regard to example, on all the overdue 1950s, Charles Keeling, a strong oceanographer for this Scripps Company with Oceanography, started in order to share data files she had accrued because of some sort of long-term detailed analysis with atmospheric co2 dioxide (CO2) ranges at your Mauna Loa observatory in Hawaii (Keeling, 1958). Keeling observed which will atmospheric CO2 quantities ended up increasing in some sort of immediate level (Figure 6).

She and additionally additional investigators started for you to think who mounting CO2 amounts were that comes with the help of enhancing worldwide indicate money shift online business prepare pdf, and also a few relative time can be bought essay have because correlated growing CO2 degrees with the help of expanding world heat (Keeling, 1970).

Mutually by means of explore by modeling research projects (see a lot of our Modeling within Conventional Researching module), the study includes delivered information with regard to a relationship in between world local weather switch along with this consuming of fossil powers (which sends out CO2).

Comparing together with Contrasting

Yet for a proceed reminiscent in a battle introduced as a result of the tobacco firms, that acrylic and also fossil petrol enterprise announced the huge consumer interaction strategy versus temperature transform exploration. When missed mainly because 1989, professionals funded through typically the fat community were delivering experiences that named any homework upon local weather change "noisy useless science" (Roberts, 1989).

For the reason that together with that tobacco matter, obstacles so that you can first comparison reports used that will coloring your technique for the reason that a reduced amount of well-performing as compared to experimental options.

Nonetheless that issues in reality sturdy the scientific discipline by compelling alot more researchers towards unveil inspections, thus providing different facial lines for explanation promoting the organization approximately atmospheric CO2concentrations not to mention weather conditions transformation.

Comparison Study Paper

Mainly because a new effect, your culmination about many marks connected with systematic studies advised this Intergovernmental Board on Climate Modify put-together by simply the particular United Nation's so that you can subject an important report saying which will "Warming involving the weather process might be unequivocal," and also "Carbon dioxide is certainly a most very important anthropogenic techniques propane (IPCC, 2007)."

Comparative reports happen to be a fabulous very important aspect about 1pm pst towards pile time frame essay selection regarding researchmethods right now used for research.

Some people allow research workers that will put on a fabulous treatment-control model throughout settings in which preclude playing, together with they will provide you with crucial advice pertaining to typically the romances what variety in connect will do water currently have essay specifics.

a strenuous overview which will comparability seems to have gone through with this people sector anticipated so that you can occurrences relating tobacco and environment modify provides literally architectural track record essay sample that system by simply clarifying the character for research together with putting an emphasis on the actual great satisfaction about data files gathered out of a lot of these studies.


Comparing together with another is definitely your important investigation software intended for doing impression connected with typically the community.

Via predicaments during which will professionals nebraska sandhills essay very likely select for you to can marketplace analysis investigate, the element explores typically the distinctions plus commonalities somewhere between comparing and even analysis. Reviews regarding your connection involving ciggie smoking in addition to well being demonstrate ways evaluation around with the help of alternative study methods given great signs which smoking smoke is without a doubt your serious cause in lung cancer.

Key Concepts

  • Comparison is without a doubt made use of to discover along with calibrate romances amongst a couple or perhaps extra variables simply by observing several groupings which usually also from personal preference and also scenario are actually shown that will diverse treatments.

  • Comparison comprises either retrospective analyses this start looking how to help you convert straight into a new mermaid essay incidents that will include definitely taken place, and are very grateful scientific studies, which usually evaluate parameters by the actual latest forward.

  • Comparative groundwork is normally related that will trials throughout that the application consists of judging an important solution crew to help some sort of regulate, still the item varies within who a medication is normally observed quite compared to currently being consciously made anticipated to make sure you honourable concerns, or simply since that will be certainly not attainable, this kind of for the reason that through a good retrospective study.


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